For TNPSC VAO Basics Part 8.1 - Role of VAO During calamities - Epidemic Disease
TNPSC VAO Basics Part 8.2 - Role of VAO During calamities - Cyclone and Floods
The average annual rainfall of Tamil Nadu is 925mm. Of this
47% of rainfall i.e., 433mm is received during the North East Monsoon
period extending from October to December. Normally depressions are
formed in the Bay of Bengal during this period, which cross the coast of
Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. These depressions bring large amount
of rainfall in a few days period causing heavy damages.
The State is well prepared for meeting out the challenges of
the North-East Monsoon in general and cyclonic storm in particular with a
well formulated Anti-Disaster Plan which is set in motion every year.
The Commissioner of Revenue Administration is the State
Relief Commissioner and he is monitoring the Anti-Disaster Plan in the
State. In addition to the State Relief Commissioner, the Zonal
Commissioners, appointed by the Government to monitor the key areas of
development in the Districts, also monitor and co-ordinate with the
Collectors and Government during Natural Calamities. At the District
Level the Collectors guide and co-ordinate with various departments in
mitigating the effect of any disaster. At the Taluk level the Tahsildars and
at the Village level the Village Administrative Officers monitor the
cyclone/flood situations and take appropriate action.
The Collectors update the District Contingency Plan and
conduct mock drills to ensure that all the departments dealing with the
floods are in a state of preparedness before the monsoon.
PRE-MONSOON PREPAREDNESS DURING FLOOD AND CYCLONE
The Head of Departments and the District Collectors have to watch the following important items of work.
i) Timely maintenance and monitoring of all flood protection works.
ii) Preparation of contingency plan in advance for disaster mitigation.
iii) Organizing awareness programme amongst population susceptible to floods.
iv) Clearing of choked drains, culverts etc. before the onset of monsoon.
v) Monitoring of reservoir levels during flood period.
vi) General gearing up of flood fighting and disaster relief machinery.
OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE ADMINISTRATION
The Staff in the State Relief Commissioner's office are in alert position during the North East Monsoon. Staff are working round the clock.
A temporary telephone with STD facility is provided in the
control room of the Commissioner of Revenue Administration’s office from
1st October to 31st December every year.
During flood times daily situation report is sent to State
CONTINGENCY PLAN IN OPERATION
DISASTER WARNING DISSEMINATION SYSTEM
58 Disaster Warning Systems have been installed in the
Relief Commissioner's Office and in the districts by the Meteorological
Centre. During Cyclonic Storm timely messages are given by the
The district administration warns the people residing in the
coastal and low-lying places of the impending cyclone and advises them to
move to safer places. They are evacuated and provided temporary
accommodation in schools, cyclone shelters and other public buildings.
They are provided with food. After the floods recede they are sent back to
their original place of residence.
The services of the Army, Navy and Airforce are used in the
rescue operations in the coastal districts wherever necessary in rescue
operations and in air-dropping of food packets etc.
Fisheries Department helps the District Administration in
rescue and relief operations of the people marooned in flood waters.
The services of the Home Guards are also utilized in the
rescue operations and for evacuation of people in low-lying areas.
Standard Scale of assistance is given to the affected families
in the districts as follows:-
i) Loss of life: Rs.15,000/- to the bereaved family by the State
ii) Rs.50,000/- from the Prime Minister ‘s National Relief Fund after
getting funds from Government of India.
iii) Loss of Cattle: Rs.5,000/- per head of adult Cow, Bullock and
Rs.3000/- per calf of Cow and Buffalo.
Rs.1000/- per head of sheep and goat.
Rs.2000/- for fully damaged huts and Rs.1000/- for partly
damaged huts are paid. One free saree, one dhothi and 5 kg of rice is
given to the affected family. Where electricity is dislocated for 72 hours,
1 litre of kerosene is also given.
This will be fixed every year. In the year 1999 the scale of
Assistance is as follows. This is applicable only to fully damaged
Agricultural and Horticultural crops to all affected farmers during North
East Monsoon period.
AGRICULTURE CROPS RATE OF RELIEF PER HECTARE
Paddy Rs. 1000
Groundnut Rs. 2500
Sugarcane Rs. 4000
Pulses Rs. 600
Cotton Rs. 1500
Millets Rs. 400
Potato, Cabbage, Carrot, Chillies,
Onion, Cauliflower, Garlic, Turmeric,
Betelvine, Banana, Grapes, Guava,
Sapota, Cashew, Coffee, Cardamom,
Jasmine, Clove, Kapok, Jasmin,
Chrysanthemum, Crossandra, Nerium,
Tomato, chow-chow, Peas, bitter
gourd, Lab-Lab, radish, Beet root,
Brinjal, Bhendi, Coriander, Tapioca Rs.1000
For human causalities, loss of cattle and hut damages the Revenue
Officials are empowered to draw the money under Treasury Rules 27
without any orders from Government. However there is a ceiling on
Financial Powers as detailed below:-
AUTHORITY MONETARY LIMIT
Tahsildar Rs.2.00 lakhs (Rupees Two lakhs only)
Revenue Divisional Officer and Sub- Collector Rs.3.00 lakhs (Rupees Three lakhs only)
Collector Rs.20.00 lakhs (Rupees Twenty lakhs only)
Commissioner of Revenue Administration / Relief Commissioner Rs.50.00 lakhs (Rupees Fifty lakhs only)
(G.O. Ms. 153, Revenue (NC.II) Department, dated 26.03.1999)
Infrastructure damages would be assessed by the Collectors
and report to the State Relief Commissioner. The State Relief
Commissioner sends proposals to Government and gets necessary funds
sanctioned by the Government.
HIGH POWER COMMITTEE
The Chief Secretary to Government of Tamil Nadu is the
Chairman of the High Power Committee. He will convene an Annual
Meeting on the Pre-Monsoon preparedness and discuss with all
Secretaries, Heads of Departments and State Military Chief on issues
relating to Anti-Disaster Plan. The important policy decisions on the relief
measures are taken by the Committee.
HIGH LEVEL COMMITTEE
The High Level Committee consists of the following members:-
1 Honorable Minister for Revenue Chairman
2 Chief Secretary Vice-Chairman
3 Secretary, Revenue Member –
4 Secretary, Finance Member
5 Secretary, Rural Development Department Member
6 Secretary, Municipal Admn. and Water Supply Dept. Member
7 Secretary, Agriculture Department Member
8 Secretary, Public Works Department Member
9 Principal Commissioner and Commissioner of
10 Joint Secretary to Government,(Relief, Revenue
STATE LEVEL COMMITTEE
This committee consists of the following members:-
Chief Secretary Chairman
Secretary, Revenue Department Member-Secretary
Secretary, Finance Department Member
Secretary, Public Works Department Member
Commissioner of Revenue Administration Department Member
Faculty Member, Anna Institute of Management Member
Dean (E.E. & A), Anna University Member
Joint Secretary to Government,(Relief) Convenor
The High Level Committee decides the general policies on
Natural Calamities and Relief norms and approves specific capital projects
and reviews the relief works. The State Level Committee decides on all
matters connected with the financing of the relief expenditure. The
responsibility for the Administration of the Calamity Relief Fund rests with
the State Level Committee.
CALAMITY RELIEF FUND
The Government of India and the State Government together
have constituted a fund called the Calamity Relief Fund. The contribution
of the Government of India towards this fund is 75% and the State
Government share is 25%. All expenditure towards flood relief is met from
Whenever the inadequacy of drinking water arises, the
drought relief works is taken up. The State Government concentrates in
providing drinking water in the areas where the water scarcity prevails.
Additional bore wells and transportation of water through lorries are
Most of the houses in the villages are thatched ones.
Chennai city is also not free from such huts because of existence of slums.
Fire accident occur at any time of the year. However, such accidents are
more in summer than in other seasons. When a fire accident occurs,
timely help is extended to all the victims. As per G.O.Ms.No.535, Revenue,
dated 22.6.1996, a cash grant of Rs.1,000/- is granted for fully damaged
hut and Rs.500/- for a partially damaged hut.
2. 5 Kilograms of rice, one litre of Kerosene (where there is
no likelihood of power supply for 72 hours and more), one dhothi or lungi
and one saree are also given to each family affected by fire accident.
3. In the case of human death due to fire accident, financial
assistance of Rs.15,000/- is granted to the family of the victims as per
G.O.Ms. No.1121, Rev, dated 25.10.1996. The financial assistance is
granted irrespective of the fact whether the deceased is a bread winner or
not. This financial assistance is applicable to the cause of death of children
4. In the case of death of cattle due to fire accident, ex-gratia
relief is given as follows, as per Letter Ms.No.969, Revenue, dated
(1) Rs.5,000/- per head of adult cattle (cow, buffalo and bullock)
(2) Rs.3,000/- per calf of cow and Buffalo.
(3) Rs.1,000/- per head of sheep and Goat.
The relief is granted subject to a maximum of two cattle a family.
4. The Collector have been authorised to draw the required amount under
T.R.27 for disbursement to the bereaved families on account of fire