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Monday, June 2

[Ancient India] Indus Valley Civilization

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Indus Valley Civilization
  • Year: 2500 BC - 1750 BC
  • Geographical extension
    • North [Manda in Jammu] to South [Daimabad]
    • East [Alamgirpur UP] to West [Sutkagendor]

Major Sites, River Banks and their Location
  • Harappa - Ravi - Punjab(Pak)
  • Chanhudaro and Mohenjodaro - Indus - Sind
  • Sutkagendor - Dasak - Balushistan
  • Kalibangam - Ghaggar - Rajasthan
  • Lothal - Bhogava - Gujarat
  • Surkotada - Gujarat
  • Dholavira - Rann of Kutch - Gujarat
  • Ropar - Satluj - Punjab
  • Banawali - Saraswathi - Haryana

Sites and its findings
  • Harappa
    • 12 granaries
  • Mohenjodaro
    • Great Bath
    • Great Granary
    • Dancing Girl
  • Kalibangam
    • Ploughed field
    • Seven fire altars in a row
  • Lothal
    • Artificial Dockyard
    • Entrances of house faces the main street
  • Ropar
    • Burial of dog with human
  • Banawali
    • Barley
  • Surkotada
    • Fortified Harappan settlement


Vedic Period
  • The early aryans settled in the land of Seven rivers - sapta sindu
  • The Seven rivers were
    1. Ravi
    2. Chenab
    1. Beas
    1. Satlej
    1. Jhelum
    1. Sindu
    2. Saraswati
  • The Aryans possessed chariots driven by horses.
  • Modern river name and Rig Vedic Names
    • Ravi - Purushni
    • Chenab - Asikini
    • Beas - Vipasa
    • Satlej - Studri
    • Jhelum - Vitasta
    • Indus - Sindu
    • Gomati - Gumal
    • Kurram - Krumu
    • Sohan - Sushoma
    • Ghagger - Drisshadvati


  • Bali - Voluntary Tribute to the king by the people.
  • Booty - Things won in Battle
  • Nishka, Krishnal, Satmana - Gold coins
  • Gavyuti - Measure of Distance
  • Godhuli - Measure of Time
  • Purohita - Priest
  • Senapati - Commander in chief
  • Suta - Charioteer
  • Sangrahita - Treasurer
  • Bhagdugha - Tax collector
  • Mahisi - Queen
  • Aksavapa - Game Companion
  • Bhishakas - Physicians
  • Takshan - carpentor

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