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Monday, April 14

TNPSC VAO Basics Part 13 - Unauthorised occupation of Government land basic information about Land Encroachment Act 1905

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TNPSC VAO Basics Part 13 - Unauthorised occupation of Government land basic information about Land Encroachment Act 1905


The Land Encroachment Act, 1905 was enacted to force out the unauthorized
occupants of Government lands by imposing heavy and prohibitory assessment
increasing the same, year by year and to recover the same as arrears of land
revenue. The Act empowers eviction of an unauthorized occupant of a Government
land by the Collector/Tahsildar/Deputy Tahsildar under the control of Collector or
any other officer authorized by the Government for the purpose.

In G.O.Ms.No.186, Revenue Department, dated 29.4.2003 orders have been
issued to evict all encroachments in water course porambokes without any
reservation and regularization of these encroachments were also banned. The
Hon'ble High Court of Madras in its order dated: 27.6.2005 in W.P.No.20185/2000
has issued directions to evict the encroachments in water course porambokes and to
identify all the water course porambokes in all over the State and restore their
original state.

In the Judgement dated:2.2.2005 in W.P.No.689/2005, the Madurai Bench of
Madras High Court has observed that stringent measures have to be taken while
evicting encroachments made in the Road porambokes without giving any chance
for interference by religious, political and social organizations.
Periodical returns were also prescribed and the progress of eviction of
unauthorized encroachments in all Government lands and forest lands every month
is also being reviewed. A District Level Committee has been constituted to take
prompt action to reduce the cases of the encroachments and to have critical review
of the progress made in eviction of encroachments during the month under review.
As per the directions of the High Court of Madras in W.P.Nos.15673 to
15686/2002, a High Level Committee has been constituted under the Charimanship
of Hon'ble Minister for Revenue comprising Official Members, (viz.) Chief Secretary;
Secretary, Revenue; Secretary, Environment and Forest; Secretary, Rural
Development and Panchayat Raj; Secretary, Municipal Administration and Water
Supply; Secretary, Home; Secretary, P.W.D., Secretary, Highways and Non-Official
Members representing people's representatives including two M.L.As. The first
meeting of the above State Level Committee was convened on 16.2.2007 to discuss
the items to be monitored by the Committee.

During the one year period (from 1.1.2006 to 31.12.2006) a total number of
31,859 encroachments in Government Poramboke land were removed.

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