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[Indian Polity] Union, State and Territory - Indian Polity Study Materials

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Union, State and Territory


Article 1: Name and Territory
(1) India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.
(2) The States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule.
(3) The territory of India shall comprise
             (a) the territories of the States;
                       (b) the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and
             (c) such other territories as may be acquired.

Article 2: Admission of states
Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.

Article 3: Alteration of States
Parliament may by law— 
(a) form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State;
(b) increase the area of any State;
(c) diminish the area of any State;
(d) alter the boundaries of any State;
(e) alter the name of any State:

Article 4 
(2) No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.
Courtesy: http://indiacode.nic.in/coiweb/welcome.html

Important Points to remember

  1. Part 1 of the constitution deals with the Union and its territory.
  2. The First Schedule consists of the names of the States, Union territories and their territorial jurisdiction.
  3. Andhra pradesh is the first linguistic state formed after independence in October 1953.
  4. Committees related with State reorganisation

    Appointed
    Report
    Remarks
    S K Dhar Commission
    June 1948
    Dec 1948
    Rejected language as the basis for reorganisation
    JVP Committee
    Dec 1948
    April 1949
    Rejected language as the basis for reorganization
    Fazl Ali Commission
    Dec 1953
    Sept 1955
    Accepted language as the basis for reorganization
  5. States Reorganisation Act - 1956
  6. States and Year of its Formation
    1960
    15th State
    Gujarat
    1963
    16th State
    Nagaland
    1966
    17th State
    Haryana
    1971
    18th State
    Himachal Pradesh

    1972
    19th State
    Manipur
    20th State
    Tripura
    21st  State
    Meghalaya
    1975
    22nd State
    Sikkim*

    1987
    23rd State
    Mizoram
    24th State
    Arunachal Pradesh
    25th State
    Goa

    2000
    26th State
    Chhattisgarh
    27th State
    Uttarakhand
    28th State
    Jharkhand
    2014
    29th State
    Telengana

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