(1) India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.
(2) The States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule.
(3) The territory of India shall comprise
(a) the territories of the States;(b) the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and
(c) such other territories as may be acquired.
Article 2: Admission of states
Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
Parliament may by law—
(a) form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State;
(b) increase the area of any State;
(c) diminish the area of any State;
(d) alter the boundaries of any State;
(e) alter the name of any State:
(2) No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.Courtesy: http://indiacode.nic.in/coiweb/welcome.html
Important Points to remember
- Part 1 of the constitution deals with the Union and its territory.
- The First Schedule consists of the names of the States, Union territories and their territorial jurisdiction.
- Andhra pradesh is the first linguistic state formed after independence in October 1953.
- Committees related with State reorganisationAppointedReportRemarksS K Dhar CommissionJune 1948Dec 1948Rejected language as the basis for reorganisationJVP CommitteeDec 1948April 1949Rejected language as the basis for reorganizationFazl Ali CommissionDec 1953Sept 1955Accepted language as the basis for reorganization
- States Reorganisation Act - 1956
- States and Year of its Formation196015th StateGujarat196316th StateNagaland196617th StateHaryana197118th StateHimachal Pradesh197219th StateManipur20th StateTripura21st StateMeghalaya197522nd StateSikkim*198723rd StateMizoram24th StateArunachal Pradesh25th StateGoa200026th StateChhattisgarh27th StateUttarakhand28th StateJharkhand201429th StateTelengana