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Saturday, October 15

[Indian Polity Study Materials] Local Government - Panchayati Raj - Tamil Nadu - Indian Polity Study Materials for TNPSC Exams

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Panchayati Raj
It is the rural local self government system which was given constitutional status by the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992. It aims to strengthen the democratic institutions as the grass-root levels.
Note: This topic 'Local Self Governmet / Panchayati Raj' is one of the most important topics for the competitive exams. So, kindly revise as many times you can.

We can read this topic under 3 sub topics
  1. Evolution stages of Pachayati raj Act
  2. Features of Pachayati Raj Act 1992.
  3. What is PESA?
Evolution

Important Points to Remember
  1. Lord Ripon is called as the father of Local self government.
  2. Lord Ripon's Resolution of 1882 is regarded as the 'Magna Carta of Local Self Government in India'
  3. After independence four important committees were formed to recommend measures for the betterment of local self government in India. They are as follows
    1. Balwant Rai Mehta Committee
    2. Ashok Mehta Committee
    3. G V K Rao Committee
    4. L M Singhvi Committee
Committee
Formed
Reported
Important Suggestions
Balwant Rai Mehta Committee
1957
1957
3 Tier
1.       Gram Panchayat (Direct Election)
2.       Panhayat Samiti (Indirect)
3.       Zila Parishad (Indirect)
Ashok Mehta Committee
1977
1978

Ø 132 Recommendations
Ø 2 Tier
1.       Zila Parishad
2.       Mandal Panchayat

Ø  Taxation Power
Ø  Reservation for SC and ST.
G V K Rao Committee
1985
1986
Ø  Elections should be conducted regularly
L M Singhvi Committee
1986
1986
Ø  Constitutional status to Panchayati Raj institutions
Ø  More financial resources
BAGL – BA padicha Good Luck Irukku indha kalathula
B – Balwant Rai Mehta Committee
A – Ashok Mehta Committee
G – G V K Rao Committee
L - L M Singhvi Committee



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