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[TNPSC Indian Polity Study Materials] Fundamental Rights - Indian Polity Study Materials

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[TNPSC Indian Polity Study Materials] Fundamental Rights - Indian Polity Study Materials, Notes

Fundamental Rights
Rights guaranteed  by the constitution to all persons without any discrimination.
Magna carta of the constitution to promote the political democracy. 
They are justiciable in nature and hence protected by the constitution. 
Important Facts to Remember
  1. Part III of the Constitution deals with the Fundamental rights
  2. Articles : 12 to 35.
  3. Part III is also called as the 'Magna Carta' of the Indian constitution.
  4. Fundamental Rights promotes the political democracy.
  5. The fundamental rights are justiciable in nature and hence enforcible by the law.
  6. All Article Under Fundamental Rights Chapter
Fundamental Rights by TNPSC Guru.in
Article 12
State Definition
Article 13
Laws violating Fundamental Rights be Void
Article 14
Equality Before Law


Right To Equality
Article 15
Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of  birth
Article 16
Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Article 17
Abolition of Untouchability
Article 18
Abolition of Titles
Article 19
Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.


Right to Freedom
Article 20
Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
Article 21
Protection of life and personal liberty
Article 21A
Right to Education
Article 22
Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
Article 23
Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
Right Against Exploitation
Article 24
Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.
Article 25
Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and   propagation of religion.



Right to Freedom of Religion
Article 26
Freedom to manage religious affairs
Article 27
Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion
Article 28
Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious
worship in certain educational institutions.
Article 29
Protection of interests of minorities.
Cultural and Educational Rights
Article 30
Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
Article 31A
Saving of laws  providing for acquisition of estates, etc.

Saving of certain Laws
Article 31B
Validation of certain Acts and Regulations
Article 31C
Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles.
Article 32
Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part.
REmedies
Article 33
Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to Forces, etc.
Article 34
Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area
Article 35
Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part.
Note: Article 31 Right to Property was abolished by 44th Constitutional Amendment act 1978.

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