The Indian constitution provides for an integrated judicial system with the Supreme Court as the apex court and the High courts below it.
The supreme court of India is the highest court of appeal in India.
Important Points to Remember.
- The Supreme court of India was inaugurated on Jan 28, 1950.
- Articles 124 to 147 in Part V of the constitution deals with the Supreme court.
- Composition 31 (30+1)
- 1 - Chief Justice of India [List of Chief Justices of India till date]
- 30 - Other Judges
- Should be a citizen of India
- should have been
- a judge of a High court for 5 years or
- an advocate of a High Court for 10 years or
- a distinguished jurist in the opinion of the president
- Minimum Age: Not prescribed in the constitution.
- Tenure: Until 65 Years of Age.
- Judges of the supreme court was appointed by the President.
- Indian Constitution follows the 'procedure established by law'.
- American Constitution follows the 'due process of law'.
- Article 143: The power of the President to consult the Supreme Court
- The opinion rendered by the Supreme court is not binding on the President.
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